CHALLENGES AND INNOVATIONS IN ELECTRO-MECHANICAL SYSTEM
INTEGRATION: A REVIEW
Acta Electronica Malaysia (AEM)
Author:Nzubechukwu Chukwudum Ohalete, Adebayo Olusegun Aderibigbe, Emmanuel Chigozie Ani, Peter Efosa Ohenhen, Donald Obinna
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
The integration of electrical and mechanical systems, a cornerstone of modern engineering, has seen significant advancements and faced numerous challenges in recent years. This review paper aims to provide a comprehensive review of the recent progress in the field of electro-mechanical system integration, focusing on the efficiency outcomes and sustainability practices. The study explored the fundamental challenges in integrating mechanical and electrical components, such as compatibility issues, complexity in design, and the need for advanced control systems. The review then delves into the innovative solutions and technologies that have emerged to address these challenges, including advancements in materials science, miniaturization, and smart control algorithms. A significant portion of the research is dedicated to discussing the efficiency outcomes of these integrated systems. This includes an analysis of energy efficiency improvements, performance optimization, and the impact on overall system reliability. Furthermore, the review highlights the role of sustainability in electro-mechanical system design, emphasizing the adoption of eco-friendly materials, energy-efficient processes, and the lifecycle assessment of these systems. Finally, the paper concludes with a discussion on future trends and potential research directions in the field of electro-mechanical system integration, underscoring the need for continued innovation to meet the evolving demands of technology and sustainability.